​គណិតវិទ្យាអូឡាំពិច​អាស៊ី​ប៉ាស៊ីភិច ២០០១


Time allowed: 4 hours
No calculators to be used
Each question is worth 7 points

សំនួរ​១
For a positive integer n let S(n) be the sum of digits in the decimal representation of n. Any positive integer obtained by removing several (at least one) digits from the right-hand end of the decimal representation of n is called a stump of n. Let T(n) be the sum of all stumps of n. Prove that
n = S(n) + 9T(n).

សំនួរ​២

Find the largest positive integer N so that the number of integers in the set {1; 2; . . .;N} which are divisible by 3 is equal to the number of integers which are divisible by 5 or 7 (or both).

សំនួរ​៣
Let two equal regular n-gons S and T be located in the plane such that their intersection is a 2n-gon (n \geq 3). The sides of the polygon S are coloured in red and the sides of T in blue.
Prove that the sum of the lengths of the blue sides of the polygon S \cap T is equal to the sum of the lengths of its red sides.

សំនួរ​៤
A point in the plane with a Cartesian coordinate system is called a mixed point if one of its coordinates
is rational and the other one is irrational. Find all polynomials with real coefficients such that their
graphs do not contain any mixed point.

សំនួរ​៥
Find the greatest integer n, such that there are n+4 points A, B, C, D, X_1; . . . ; X_n in the plane with AB \neq CD that satisfy the following condition: for each i = 1; 2; . . . ; n triangles ABX_i and CDX_i are equal.

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